In technical chart analysis, the Bearish Engulfing pattern is an invaluable tool. This pattern is a leading indicator of future price drops and can provide traders with critical information about market sentiment.

What is a Bearish Engulfing Pattern?

The Bearish Engulfing candlestick pattern is a two-candlestick reversal pattern that indicates a potential reversal in price action. It’s a two-candlestick pattern, typically occurring after an upward price movement, and signals a potential shift toward lower prices.

To identify this pattern, you should look for two specific candles:

  • A smaller up (white or green) candlestick, indicates a bullish sentiment.
  • A larger down (black or red) candlestick, signifies a bearish sentiment. This candle “engulfs” or eclipses the smaller up candlestick.
Bearish Engulfing Candle

The key point to note is that the real body (the difference between the open and close price) of the bearish candle should completely engulf the real body of the bullish candle.

What the Bearish Engulfing Pattern Reveals

The Bearish Engulfing pattern can be seen as a warning sign at the end of an upward price movement. It is marked by the second candle, which indicates a shift toward lower prices, overtaking the first candle.

The pattern’s reliability increases when the opening price of the bearish candle is significantly above the closing price of the bullish candle, and the closing price of the bearish candle is well below the open of the bullish candle. This implies that the bears (sellers) are stronger than the bulls (buyers), and a potential downward price movement could be on the horizon.

The Significance of the Bearish Engulfing Pattern

While the Bearish Engulfing pattern can occur anywhere on the chart, it carries more significance when it appears after a price advance. This could be either a general uptrend or a smaller upward pullback within a larger downtrend.

The size of both candles in relation to other price bars around them is also important. An engulfing pattern formed by two substantial candles is far more significant than one formed by two very small bars.

The Context of the Bearish Engulfing Pattern

The context in which the Bearish Engulfing pattern occurs can greatly impact its significance. For example, if the price action before the pattern is choppy or ranging, the pattern may not result in major price moves as the overall price trend is unstable.

Moreover, even if a Bearish Engulfing pattern forms during a strong uptrend, it may not be enough to halt the upward momentum for long. This suggests that traders should consider the overall market context when utilizing Bearish Engulfing patterns.

Trading with the Bearish Engulfing Pattern

Once a Bearish Engulfing pattern is identified, traders typically wait for the second candle to close before taking any action. The choices may include selling a long position or potentially entering a short position.

If entering a short position, a stop loss can be placed above the high of the two-bar pattern, protecting against potential losses in case the price moves in the opposite direction.

Trading Bearish Engulfing Candle

Bullish Engulfing Vs Bearish Engulfing Pattern

Contrary to the Bearish Engulfing pattern, the Bullish Engulfing pattern is a sign of potential higher prices. It occurs after a price moves lower, with the first candle being a down (black or red) candle, and the second one is a larger up (white or green) candle that fully engulfs the down candle.

Bullish Engulfing Vs Bearish Engulfing Pattern

Limitations of the Bearish Engulfing Pattern

While the Bearish Engulfing pattern can give valuable insights, it also has its limitations. For instance, if the price action before the pattern is choppy, the significance of the pattern diminishes as it becomes a common signal.

Moreover, the second (bearish) candle may be significantly larger than the first one, resulting in a large stop loss if a trader decides to trade the pattern. This could pose a high-risk situation where the potential reward from the trade may not justify the risk.

As candlestick patterns do not provide a price target, traders will need to use other methods, such as indicators or trend analysis, to determine when to exit a profitable trade.

Trading the Bullish and Bearish Engulfing Patterns

Both the Bullish and Bearish Engulfing patterns can be valuable tools for traders aiming to capitalize on new trends when markets change direction. These reversal patterns signal an impending change in the price direction, which can provide lucrative trading opportunities.

However, their effectiveness is largely dependent on the market context. While they can be powerful when they occur at the end of a strong trend, they may not be as useful in choppy or ranging markets.


The Bearish Engulfing pattern can be a powerful tool in the arsenal of any technical trader. However, like any trading strategy, it is not foolproof and should be used in conjunction with other indicators and trading tools to increase its effectiveness and reduce potential risks.

By understanding how this pattern works and its significance in different market contexts, traders can make more informed decisions and potentially increase their chances of successful trades.

Remember, the key to successful trading lies not only in understanding these patterns but also in applying them strategically and wisely in the ever-changing dynamics of the financial markets.

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